Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa SAWW- Agar koi chahe ke uski DUA qabool ho to woh HARAM KHANA aur HARAM KAMAI se parhez kare. ||  Imam Ali A.S.- Jis Din Insaan koi Gunah na kare, wo din uske liye EID ka din hai. ||  Imam Ali A.S. Bhooka rehna sabse MUFID(faydewali) aur behtar dawa (medicine) hai. ||  Imam Ali A.S.- Apne Bacchon ko NAMAZ sikaho aur jab baligh ho jaye to unko NAMAZ padhne par majboor karo. ||  Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa Saww- Jo KHANA khakar ALLAH ka shukr ada karta hai wo unke jaise hai jinho ne ROZA rakha aur sabr kiya. ||  Imam Ali A.S.: silence is the best reply to a fool. ||  Zarurat Thi Talwaar Ki Na Aur Kisi Hathiyar Ki Sirf Ek Dua Thi Karbala Main Alamdaar Ki Fakat Mil Jaye Ijazat Aqa Hussain Sai To Yaad Diladunga Jung Haider-E-Karrar Ki ||  Hazrat Mohammad SAWW- Maa-Baap ki nafarmani wo gunah hai ke aadmi ki zindagi hi me ALLAH usko marne se pehle saza deta hai. ||  Imam Ali A.S.- ILM aisi khubsurti hai jo chipi(hidden) rehti aur aisa rishta hai jo munqata(disconnect) nahi hota. ||  Imam Ali a.s ne farmaya: Gunah aik Aisa Marz Hai Jiski Dawa Astaghfar Hai Aur us Gunah ko Na Dohrana uski shifa Hai: Ref: Tajaliat-e-Hikmat Page 205 ||  Imam Ali A.S.- Jo ISTEKHARA karega woh kabhi hairan nahi foga aur jo mashwara(advice) lega kabhi pareshan nahi hoga. ||  Imam Sadiq A.S. Jo wuzu ke bad kisi chiz se khushk(wipe) nahi karega aur aazae wuzu khud ba khud khushk ho jae(sukh jaye) to ose 30 nekiyon ka sawab milega. ||  Imam jafar Sadiq A.S.- Apni Aulaad ke nek naam rakho kyun ki qayamat me inhee naamo ke zariye pukara jayaga. ||  Imam Jafar Sadiq A.S.- Jo Mohtaj Momin ko Khana khilaye to aisa hai ke usne Hazrat Ismail ki Aulad me se 100 admiyo ko QATL se bachaya. ||  Imam Ali A.S.-Jehalat(ignorance) har buraai ki jad(root) hai, jehalat aakherat ko barbbad kar deti hai. ||  Imam Ali A.S.- Bhook aur Bimari ek jagah jamaa nahi ho sakti. ||  Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa SAWW-Agar Koi MUSALMAAN ko milawat wala MAAL bechta hai wo humme se nahi hai. QAYAMAT ke din wo YAHUDIYO ke sath uthaya jayega. ||  Imam Ali A.S.-Haaya(Sharm) bure kaamo se rok deti hai. ||  Imam Baqir A.S. Agar koi Momin ke liye dua karta hai to farishte ALLAH se uske liye dua karte hai aur farishton ki dua ALLAH jald qubul karta hai. ||  Hazrat Mohammad SAWW- Jab kabhi koi Faqeer raat ke waqt darwaze par dastak dekar(aakar) kuch maange to kabhi bhi oose thukrana nahi. || 
Martyrdom Anniversary of Imam Zayn al-Abidin(A.S.)
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Martyrdom Anniversary of Imam Zayn al-Abidin(A.S.)

The Fourth Imam Ali ibn Al-Husayn Zayn

Mother: Shahr Banoo daughter of Iran's last
Sasanid emperor Yazdjerd III

Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abu al-Hasan

Laqab (Title): Zayn al-'Abidin, Al Sajjad

Birth: He was born on 5th Shaban in 38 A.H. in

Martyrdom: He was martyred by poisoning on 25th
Moharrum in the year 95 A.H. at Madina and is buried at Baqi near his uncle
Hasan (A.S.).

The fourth Holy Imam, Ali ibn Husayn Zain-ul-Abedin(A.S.) was born in Medina on
5th Shaban 38 A.H. His epithet was Abu Muhammad and was popularly titled as
"Zain-ul-Abedin". The mother of this Holy Imam was the royal
personage, Shahr Banoo, the daughter of King Yazdjerd III, the last Sasanid
emperor of Iran.

The Holy Imam Ali-Zain-ul-Abedin(A.S.) spent the first two years of his infancy
in the lap of his grandfather Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib(A.S.) and then for twelve
years he had the gracious patronage of his uncle, the second Holy Imam Hasan
Ibn Ali(A.S.). In 61 H.A. he was present in Karbala, at the time of the gruesome
tragedy of the wholesale massacre of his father, his uncles, his brothers, his
cousins and all the godly comrades of his father; and suffered a heartless
captivity and imprisonment at the hands of the devilish forces of Yezid.

When Imam Husain(A.S.) had come for the last time to his camp to bid good-bye
to his family, Ali-Zain-ul-Abedin(A.S.) was lying semi-conscious in his
sick-bed and hence he escaped the massacre at Karbala. Imam Husain (A.S.) could
only manage a very brief talk with the inmates of his camp and departed
nominating his sick son as Imam.

The Holy Imam Ali-Zain-ul-Abedin(A.S.) lived for about 34 years after his
father and all his life he passed in prayers and supplication to God and in
remembrance of his martyred father. It is for his ever being in prayers to God,
Mostly lying in prayerful prostration, that this Holy Imam was popularly called

On the 25th of Moharram A.H. when he was in Medina, Waleed bin Abdul Malik
Marwan, the then ruler got this Holy Imam martyred by poison. The funeral
prayers for this Holy Imam were conducted by his son the fifth Imam,
Muhammad-al-Baqir (A.S.) and his body was laid to rest in the cemetery
Jannat-ul-Baqi" in Medina.

No Imam began his Imamat in a more tragic atmosphere. The first day of his
Imamat saw him seriously ill and a captive of the army of Yazid in Karbala. His
father and predecessor had sacrificed all he had on the altar of truth; and
Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) found himself with a group of helpless widows and
orphans being led from place to place, from the durbar of Ibn Ziyad to the
court of Yazid. Finally they were thrown into a prison, where the Imam spent
the first year of his Imamat, cut off from the followers of his father and
unable to look after their affairs.

Understandably, the tragedy of Karbala had created a chaos in the Shi'a world.
Shi'as were in the throes of a dark pessimism, and the community was in
disarray. A movement had already begun to accept Muhammad al Hanafiyah, son of
Amir-ul-Mu'minin 'Ali as the 4th Imam. Muhammad al Hanafiyah himself had no
such design. But the problem was: how to stop that movement without putting the
life of Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) in danger?

Yazid had not hesitated to murder Imam Husayn(A.S.) in spite of the highest
prestige the Imam had in the Muslims' eyes. It would have been far more easier
for him to kill Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) a young man of 23 years of age,
whose divine virtues were yet to shine before the Muslim community. And it was
not in the interest of Islam that Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) be martyred so
soon after Imam Husayn(A.S.).

Altogether, Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) had three difficult tasks before him:

To announce his Imamat publicly without seeming to oppose outsiders.

To weld the community together, making a "tasbih" (rosary) out of the
scattered beads - doing it in such a way as not to give Yazid and Yazidites an
excuse to retaliate.

To expand true faith, providing a beacon of light to guide the seekers of truth
to the safety of true faith and virtuous deeds - doing it without attracting
untoward attention of his enemies.

Any of these Himalayan tasks would have defeated a lesser being. But Imam Zayn
al-'Abidin(A.S.) under divine guidance did achieve all these aims in such a
beautiful and unobtrusive way that even his followers, who tremendously
benefited, and are benefiting, from his superb leadership did not consciously
realise how they were being guided.

Announcement of His Imamat

This took the form of a family dispute:

Muhammad al-Hanafiyah claimed that he was the Imam after his brother, Imam
Husayn (A.S.) as Imam Husayn(A.S.), had become Imam after the eldest brother,
Imam Hasan(A.S.). Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) said that his uncle's claim was
wrong; that he (i.e. Imam Zayn al-'Abidin) was Imam after his father, by divine
appointment. This family "feud" apparently could not be resolved; and
ultimately Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) suggested that the "Black
Stone" (al-Hajarul-aswad) of Ka'bah be approached for its judgement.
Muhammad al Hanafiyah readily agreed and both parties went to Mecca during Hajj
season, when thousands of pilgrims had assembled for the pilgrimage.

The stranger than fiction news must have spread like wild fire that 'Imam Ali
bin al-Husayn(a.S.) and Muhammad al-Hanafiyah wanted the Black Stone to judge between
them. Everyone must have wondered how could a stone judge between two persons.
They must have eagerly waited to see the outcome when the two parties would
approach the Stone. What would they say when the Stone, being a stone, would
not respond to their arguments!

This must have been the feeling of the crowd when the uncle and the nephew
slowly advanced towards the Black Stone. First Muharnmad al-Hanafiyah talked to
the Stone; there was no response. Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) said: "Had
you, O Uncle, been the Wasi and Imam, it would certainly have answered

Muhammad al-Hanafiyah said "Now, O Nephew, you pray and ask it." Imam
Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) prayed to Allah and then asked the Black Stone to declare
in clear Arabic as to who was the Wasi and Imam after Imam Husayn bin

There was a tremor in the Stone and then Allah made it speak in clear Arabic:
"O Allah, verily Wisayah and Imamah, after al-Husayn bin 'Ali is for Zayn
al-'Abidin 'Ali bin al-Husayn, son of 'Ali bin Abi Talib and Fatimah bint
Rasulillah." Muhammad al-Hanafiyah accepted the verdict and declared his
allegiance for Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.).

(al-Ihtijaj of al-Tabrasi, al-Kafi of al-Kulaini, Basa'-erud-Darajat,
A'lumul-wara, Manaqib of Ibn Shahr 'Ashob, Biharul-Anwar, Vol. XI, of Majlisi).

This "dispute" was the beginning of the end of the Kaisaniyah
movement, which wanted to accept Muhammad al-Hanafiyah as Imam. The schism in
the Shia rank was arrested; and as it was only a "family feud", Yazid
could not object to it in any way.

But the miraculous nature of the episode and the timing served its purpose. The
pilgrims on returning to heir homes must have felt compelled to narrate this
strange event; and thus the Shi'as throughout the Muslim world came to know,
without any formal proclamation, that Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) was their
divinely-appointed Leader and Guide.

Uniting the Shia Community

This is an even more fascinating aspect of his Imamat.

How was he to unite all the Shi'as in an, ever-lasting bond? What was the factor
which could join them permanently?

Philosophical exhortations? But they have effect on only small group of
intellectuals; man-in-the-street is not influenced by them. Moreover, it cannot
influence the "feelings"; and "unity" is a feeling of
oneness. Some joyous aspects of religion? Joy and happiness is a
"feeling", no doubt. But it does not necessarily "unite"
the people. Many is the time when a man celebrates a joyous function and his
brother refuses to join him, because of some minor misunderstandings. But let
there be a tragedy in that house, and the same brother would rush therein to
share that sorrow.

This tendency of human nature brings us to the third alternative Sorrow.

Sorrow and grief succeeds in binding the mourners together, while intellectual
arguments and joyous functions fail to achieve that object. Have not you seen
how at the time of a national tragedy all political differences are genuinely
forgotten and how the whole nation unites together to share the sorrow and
shoulder the resulting responsibilities? Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) under
divine command selected this method to unite the community.

And again it was adopted apparently just as a personal way of life, without its
being aimed against anyone.

Majlisi (in Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. XI) has written a chapter, "His mourning
and Weeping on the Martyrdom of his Father, May Grace of Allah be on
Both", in which he, inter alia, writes:

"And it is said that he [i.e. Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.)] continued to
weep till his eyes were endangered. And whenever he took water to drink, he
wept till the tears filled the pot. Someone talked to him about it and he
replied: "Why should not I cry, when my father was denied the water which
was free to the beasts and animals?

"And never was food brought to him but that he wept, so much so that a
servant told him: "May I be your ransom, O Son of the Messenger of Allah!
I am afraid that you would die (of this weeping)". The Imam said: 'I only
complain of my distraction and anguish to Allah and I do not know. Never do I
remember the massacre of the children of Fatimah but that tears strangle

Naturally, this example set by their Imam was followed by the Shias every
where; and they joined hands to establish mourning of Imam Husayn(A.S.)
whenever possible. This created a feeling of oneness and unity in all persons
attending those mourning-sessions.

And how could Yazid or Yazidites tell Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) not to
remember his father?

This institution of mourning became the focal-point of all religious activities
of the Shia community and the life-line of their faith. In later periods, the
enemies of the faith realised the vital role which the "mourning"
plays in religious education and character-building of the Shias, and they
tried to stop it by the force of their "Fatwa". Now they have changed
their tactics. Now they ask: Why should one mourn for an event which occurred
more than 1300 years ago? They ask it while they are fully aware that these
mourning sessions (Majalis) are the best-organised, well-attended religious
schools, where the participants willingly learn the basic tenets of faith, are
exhorted to emulate the way of life of Ahl ul-Bayt(A.S.); and thus their
Islamic outlook on the life and the world is fortified.

This seat of learning was given to the Shi'a community by Imam Zayn
al-'Abidin(A.S.) so unobtrusively that even the community did not realise its
importance and significance in the beginning.

Teaching True Islam

The previous two tasks were stepping-stones to reach this most important of his
responsibilities. We have seen how the Imam announced his Imamat by means of a
"family feud", and how he gave his followers a platform of unity in
the form of his mourning for his father. In neither instance he addressed any
outsider; still the message got through. Likewise, in meeting this third and
most important of his tasks, he did not address any human being. He selected
the form of Du'a (invocation) for this purpose. He recorded his Du'as in a book
form and asked his two sons to make copies of the book. This recording itself
is an, indication that these invocations were not just a prayer, but also a
means of guidance for the Muslims.

How could anyone tell him not to ask his wants from Allah? How could anyone
come between Allah and His servant, when raising his hands he called his Lord
in a heart-rending voice to come to his aid and to help him out of his
difficulties. But those recorded duas are a treasure of Islamic knowledge. One
finds in them almost all theological and ethical questions answered eloquently
and eruditely. Reading them, the heart is filled with true belief and sincere
love of Allah; and the light of virtue and nobleness illuminates the character.

It is not possible to give here even a short review of this sacred book,
generally known as "As-Sahifatus-Sajjadiyah"
and "As-Sahifatul-Kamilah"; and also called "Psalm of 'Ale
Muhammad" and "Injil of Ahlul Bait."

When this book was shown to Egyptian scholars, they were thunderstruck and awed
by its beauty. They were amazed and stunned by the purity of thought and
perfection of character to which this book irresistibly leads its reader.

The renowned scholar, late Al-Tantawi wrote:

"I have studied this book with utmost care. I have gone through the Du'as
(invocations) and Munajats (supplications) with a searching eye. I was stunned
by the lofty meanings and deep sense contained therein. I was deeply impressed
by the value and magnificence of these invocations. I wonder how the Muslims
all along been ignorant of such valuable treasure. They have been in deep
slumber all these centuries. They could not even feel that Allah had supplied
them with such a precious store of knowledge.

"The invocations in this book have two distinct approaches: the one seeks
for the knowledge and guidance to keep away from sins and evil things, while
the other persuades and exhorts one to enable one's 'self' by performance of
virtuous deeds. We may say that these Invocations, full of knowledge and
guidance, are a wonderful treasure of secrets, and contain hints regarding self-reproachment,
admission of shortcomings, with tears and self-purification, warding off
vicissitudes and difficulties, safe-guarding oneself from the tyrannies of the
enemy, recovery from various diseases and so on. All such Du'as are found
mostly in the first part of the book, while the later part consists of the
loftiness and grandeur of Allah, His creation and other wonders of His power
and might.

"Is it not wonderful? Does not it show that these holy personages are
unveiling many secrets of learning and unravellirig many mysteries of knowledge
for Muslims, who happen to be completely ignorant of it. It is a fact that the
affairs of human beings are divided into two parts: The one is to keep away
from evil, the other to acquire good traits together with the knowledge of
Divine existence, which is essential for self-purification and spiritual

Then he goes on expounding these points with help of many invocations. In
another article, he compares an invocation of Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) with
the prayer of the Prophet Nuh (Noah). Just to give an example of the high
religious and ethical standard taught by our Holy Imam, I am quoting here
extracts from a Du'a, known as Makarim-ul-Akhlaq (Noble Character). This Du'a
is enough to lead the reciter on the right path, making him a perfect Muslim
and a virtuous believer.

O Lord, Thou art my shelter if I grow sad, and Thou art my resource if I am in
need and unto Thee I cry for help, when deeply afflicted, and with Thee is
recompense for what is lost, and reformation for what is corrupted, and
alteration for what Thou disapprovest:

Therefore, favour me with security before calamity, and bounty before begging
(for it) and right direction before error and spare me from bearing me peace on
the day of resurrection and favour me with hand some guidance.

O Lord, bless Muhammad and his Al (family) and ward off (evil) from me with Thy
grace, and nourish me with Thy blessing, and reform me with Thy graciousness
and cure me with Thy goodness and hide me in the shelter of Thy mercy and
clothe me with Thy approbation, and help me, when matters grow difficult about
me, (to choose) the most righteous of them, and when actions become dubious,
(to select) the purest of them, and when the creeds conflict, (to adopt) the most
praiseworthy of them.

O Lord, bless Muhammad and his Al (family) and crown me with sufficiency and
adorn me with the grace of Thy love and grant me true guidance and do not try
me with prosperity and confer on me the beauty of comfort and do not make my
life a succession of trials, and do not reject my prayer with repulsion; for, I
do not recognise any as Thy rival, and I do not call upon any as Thy equal.

O Lord, bless Muhammad and his Al (family) and restrain me from extravagance
and preserve my subsistence from waste and increase my possessions by giving
blessing therein and let me walk along the path of benevolence; in whatever I
spend my (wealth).

In this way Imam Zayn al-'Abidin(A.S.) spent his life providing guidance not
only for the Muslims of his time, but also for the generations to come. When he
left this world, he had more than accomplished all that he was entrusted with
by Allah.

The Ibadah of Imam Zaynul Abideen (A.S.)

Holy Imam's titles Zaynul-'Abideen (adornment of worshippers) and Sayyidus-Sajideen
(chief of those who prostrate) indicate that he was a great worshipper.

Few incidents from the life of Imam as-Sajjad (a).

Incident 1

Shaykh al-Mufid states in Kitaab al-Irshaad that once Imam Abu Ja'far Muhammd
al-Baqir(A.S.) visited his father Imam 'Ali bin al-Husayn(A.S.). He saw that
Imam as-Sajjad(A.S.) had reached an unprecedented state of 'ibadah. "His
color had paled from keeping awake all night; eyes sored from weeping; forehead
and nose bruised due to prolonged sajdahs; and his feet and ankles were swollen
from standing in salaat." Such was the state of our fourth Imam during the
worship that our fifth Imam says that he could not help breaking into tears.
"I wept out of compassion that I felt for him," commented Imam al-Baqir(A.S.).
Some time passed before the Imam realized that his son has come. Upon seeing
him, Imam as-Sajjad(A.S.) asked for the parchments which describe the great
'ibadah of Imam 'Ali bin Abi Talib (A.S.). The fourth Imam read something from
it and let it go from his hands in exasperation commenting, "Who has the
strength to worship like 'Ali b. Abi Talib(A.S.).

Incident 2

Shaykh al-Toosi writes that once Abu Hamzah al-Thumaalee saw Imam 'Ali ibn
al-Husayn(A.S.) saying his prayers and his cloak slipped from his shoulders.
The Imam did not arrange it. After the prayers Abu Hamzah asked him about it.
The Imam responded: Woe to you, don't you know before whom I stood (Wayhaka,
atadaree bayna yaday man kuntu)?

Incident 3

It is said that Imam al-Sajjad(A.S.) did twenty hajj everytime travelling on
foot Mecca.

Incident 4

The fourth Imam had a large farm of date trees. He offered two raka'at payers
besides each date tree.

Incident 5

His daily practice of salaat. His father Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (A.S.) states:
"'Ali b. al-Husayn(A.S.), used to pray a thousand rak'aat during the day
and the night. The wind would sway (his body) forward like an ear of
corn." reports al-Mufid in al-Irshaad.

Incident 6

His style of entreating the Almighty is well known to all of us who have had a
chance of reading from his famous du'as found in Al-Sahifah al-Sajjadiyyah.

Reflection on the Ibadah of theHoly Imam (A.S.)

Imam al-Sajjad(A.S.) used to say a lot of mustahab (supererogatory) prayers.
The Imam also had to look after his family members (15 children), the poor and
destitute, also his business ( e.g. date farms). It is said that he used to
purchase hundreds of slaves whom he used feed, clothe, house and train them and
then free them. All this required wealth. He used to work to earn this money.

Why would Imam al-Sajjad go on foot to Mecca. Crossing the desers of Arabia
under that hot scorching sun, and those long distances! Why endure all these
difficulties and hardships? He could have chosen, at least, camels instead of
horses? Perhaps he wanted to demonstrate that when going to the House of God,
one should adopt most humble and humiliating way. Or was it to show that when
being grateful (doing shukr) for the unceasing favours from God one has to also
give some time and put efforts when worshipping the Sustainer?

Why would the Imam weep so much that the eyes used to become sore? Was it due
to the awe and fear of the Almighty? After all the Qur'an declares that the
most fearful amongst God's creatures are the learned (35:28). The Imam was indeed
learned and must have felt that he was unable to worship his Creator and
Provider in a way that befits Him.


The Caravan to Hajj

A caravan of Muslims was headed towards Mecca. As it arrived in Madina, it
rested a few days, and continued on towards Mecca.

On their way from Madina to Mecca, a man joined the group. This man noticed one
of them who had the appearance of a guided person. He was eagerly busy in
service of the passengers. The man recognized him. With much surprise, he asked
the pilgrims if they knew this man who was at their service.

"No, we don't know him. He joined us in Madina. He is a descent and pious
man. We haven't asked him for help. But he has been eager in helping us."

"Obviously you don't know him. For if you did, you would never have
allowed a man like him to be at your service."

"Who is this person?"

"This is 'Ali ibn al-Hussein, Zain al-'Abideen(A.S.)."

The group stood with shame and apologized to the Holy Imam (A.S.). Then
complaining to him, they said:

"Why did you treat us as such? We may have gone beyond our bounds in our
ignorance, and would have commited a big sin in being disrespectful to

Imam (A.S.)

"I intentionally joined your group, for you didn't know me. When I join a
group, where people know me, for the sake of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), they
are very kind to me. They don't allow me to be of some service. Thus I was
eager to join a group where I will be anonymous, so that I may have the honor
of being of some service to my brethren." (1)

(1): Bihar, v.1 p.21

In Praise of Imam Zaynul Abideen (A.S.) 

Farazdaq, in this poem, refers to the occasion when the Caliph Hisham b. Abd al
Malik was overshadowed by the respect which people showed towards the great
grandson of the Holy Prophet (pbuh&hf), at the time of Hajj when both of
the individuals were trying to reach the crowds around the Kaab'ah to get to
the black stone. The people gave way to the Imam (as) while the Caliph
struggled desperately. The Caliph, deeply offended, inquired in a sarcastic
tone, who the person was who people had shown such preference. Farazdaq, who
was also present at the moment composed an ode and recited it, addressing
himself to Hisham.

It is someone whose footsteps are known by every place

And it is he who is known to the Bayt in Mecca

the most frequented sanctuary;

It is he who is the son of the best of all men of God

and it is he who is the most pious and devout,

the purest and most unstained

the chastest and most righteous

a symbol [for Islam]

This is Ali [b. al Husayn] whose parent is the Prophet

This is the son of Fatima, if you do not know who he is

Whosoever recognizes his God knows also

the primacy and superiority of this man

Because the religion has reached nations

through his House. 

History of the Cemeteryof Jannat al-Baqi

Where Four Holy Imams are Buried 

On 8th Shawwal, Wednesday, in the year 1345 AH (April 21, 1925), mausoleums in
Jannatul al-Baqi (Madina) were demolished by King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud of Saudi

In the same year (1925), he also demolished the tombs of holy personages at
Jannat al-Mualla (Makkah) where the Holy Prophet (s)'s mother, wife,
grandfather and other ancestors are buried.

Destruction of sacred sites in Hijaz by the Saudi Wahhabis continues even
today. According to some scholars what is happening in Hijaz is actually a
conspiracy plotted by the Jews against Islam, under the guise of Tawheed. The
idea is to eradicate the Islamic legacy and heritage and to systematically
remove all its vestiges so that in the days to come, Muslims will have no affiliation
with their religious history. 

The Origins of Al-Baqi

Literally "al-Baqi" means a tree garden. It is also known as
"Jannat al-Baqi" due to its sanctity, since in it are buried many of
our Prophet's relatives and companions.

The first companion buried in al-Baqi was Uthman b. Madhoon who died on the 3rd
of Sha'ban in the 3rd year of Hijrah. The Prophet (S.A.W.) ordered certain
trees to be felled, and in its midst, he buried his dear companion, placing two
stones over the grave.

On the following years, the Prophet's son Ibrahim, who died in infancy and over
whom the Prophet (S.A.W) wept bitterly, was also buried there. The people of
Madina then began to use that site for the burial of their own dead, because
the Prophet (S.A.W.) used to greet those who were buried in al-Baqi by saying,
"Peace be upon you, O abode of the faithful! God willing, we should soon
join you. O' Allah, forgive the fellows of al-Baqi".

The site of the burial ground at al-Baqi was gradually extended. Nearly seven
thousand companions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) were buried there, not to
mention those of the Ahlul Bayt (A.S.). Imam Hasan b. Ali (A.S.), Imam Ali b.
al-Husayn (A.S.), Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (A.S.), and Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq
(A.S.) were all buried there.

Among other relatives of the Prophet (S.A.W.) who were buried at al-Baqi are:
his aunts Safiya and Aatika, and his aunt Fatima bint al-Asad, the mother of
Imam Ali (A.S.). The third caliph Uthman was buried outside al-Baqi, but with
later extensions, his grave was included in the area. In later years, great
Muslim scholars like Malik bin Anas and many others, were buried there too.
Thus, did al-Baqi become a well-known place of great historic significance to
all Muslims.

Al-Baqi as viewed by historians

Umar bin Jubair describes al-Baqi as he saw it during his travel to Madina,
saying "Al-Baqi is situated to the east of Madina. You enter it through
the gate known as the gate of al-Baqi. As you enter, the first grave you see on
your left is that of Safiya, the Prophet's aunt, and further still is the grave
of Malik bin Anas, the Imam of Madina. On his grave is raised a small dome. In
front of it is the grave of Ibrahim son of our Prophet (S.A.W.) with a white
dome over it, and next to it on the right is the grave of Abdul-Rahman son of
Umar bin al-Khattab, popularly known as Abu Shahma, whose father had kept
punishing him till death overtook him. Facing it are the graves of Aqeel bin
Abi Talib and Abdullah bin Ja'far al-Tayyar. There, facing those graves is a
small shrine containing the graves of the Prophet's wives, following by a
shrine of Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib.

The grave of Hasan bin Ali (A.S.), situated near the gate to it's right hand,
has an elevated dome over it. His head lies at the feet of Abbas bin Abdul
Muttalib, and both graves are raised high above the ground, their walls are
panelled with yellow plates and studded with beautiful star-shaped nails. This
is how the grave of Ibrahim, son of the Prophet (S.A.W.) has also been adorned.
Behind the shrine of Abbas there is the house attributed to Fatima(A.S.),
daughter of our Prophet (S.A.W.), known as "Bayt al-Ahzaan" (the
house of grief) because it is the house she used to frequent in order to mourn
the death of her father, the chosen one, peace be upon him. At the farthest end
of al-Baqi is the grave of the caliph Uthman, with a small dome over it, and
there, next to it, is the grave of Fatima bint Asad, mother of Ali b. Abi Talib

After a century and a half, the famous traveller Ibn Batuta came to describe
al-Baqi in a way which does not in any way differ from the description given by
Ibn Jubair. He adds saying, "At al-Baqi are the graves of numerous
Muhajirin and Ansar and many companions of the Prophet (S.A.W.), except that
most of their names are unknown."

Thus, over the centuries, al-Baqi remained a sacred site with renovations being
carried out as and when needed till the Wahhabis rose to power in the early
nineteenth century. The latter desecrated the tombs and demonstrated disrespect
to the martyrs and the companions of the Prophet (S.A.W.) buried there. Muslims
who disagreed with them were branded as "infidels" and were
subsequently killed.

The First Destruction of Al-Baqi

The Wahhabis believed that visiting the graves and the shrines of the Prophets,
the Imams, or the saints was a form of idolatry and totally un-Islamic. Those
who did not conform with their belief were killed and their property was
confiscated. Since their first invasion of Iraq, and till nowadays, in fact,
the Wahhabis, as well as other rulers of the Gulf States, having been carrying
out massacres from which no Muslim who disagreed with them was spared.
Obviously, the rest of the Islamic World viewed those graves with deep
reverence. Had it not been so, the two caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar would not have
expressed their desire for burial near the grave of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).

From 1205 AH to 1217 AH, the Wahhabis made several attempts to gain a foothold
in Hijaz but failed. Finally, in 1217 AH, they somehow emerged victorious in
Taif where they spilled the innocent blood of Muslims. In 1218 AH, they entered
Makkah and destroyed all sacred places and domes there, including the one which
served as a canopy over the well of Zamzam.

In 1221, the Wahhabis entered Madina to desecrate al-Baqi as well as every
mosque they came across. An attempt was even made to demolish the Prophet's
tomb, but for one reason or another, the idea was abandoned. In subsequent
years, Muslims from Iraq, Syria, and Egypt were refused entry into Makkah for
Hajj. King Al-Saud set a pre-condition that those who wished to perform the
pilgrimage would have to accept Wahhabism or else be branded as non-Muslims,
becoming ineligible for entry into the Haram.

Al-Baqi was razed to the ground, with no sign of any grave or tomb whatsoever.
But the Saudis were still not quite satisfied with doing all of that. Their
king ordered three black attendants at the Prophet's shrine to show him where
the treasure of valuable gifts were stored. The Wahhabis plundered the treasure
for their own use.

Thousands of Muslims fled Makkah and Madina in a bid to save their lives and
escape from the mounting pressure and persecution at the hands of the Wahhabis.
Muslims from all over the world denounced this Saudi savagery and exhorted the
Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire to save the sacred shrines from total
destruction. Then, as it is known, Muhammad Ali Basha attacked Hijaz and, with
the support of local tribes, managed to restore law and order in Madina and
Makkah, dislodging the Al-Saud clansmen. The entire Muslim world celebrated
this victory with great fanfare and rejoicing. In Cairo, the celebrations
continued for five days. No doubt, the joy was due to the fact that pilgrims
were once more allowed freely to go for Hajj, and the sacred shrines were once
again restored. 

In 1818 AD, the Ottaman Caliph Abdul Majid and his successors, Caliphs Abdul
Hamid and Mohammed, carried out the reconstruction of all sacred places,
restoring the Islamic heritage at all important sites. In 1848 and 1860 AD,
further renovations were made at the expense of nearly seven hundred thousand
pounds, most of which came from the donations collected at the Prophet's tomb.

The Second Plunder by the Wahhabis

The Ottoman Empire had added to the splendor of Madina and Makkah by building
religious structures of great beauty and architectural value. Richard Burton,
who visited the holy shrines in 1853 AD disguised as an Afghan Muslim and
adopting the Muslim name Abdullah, speaks of Madina boasting 55 mosques and
holy shrines. Another English adventurer who visited Madina in 1877-1878 AD
describes it as a small beautiful city resembling Istanbul. He writes about its
white walls, golden slender minarets and green fields.

1924 AD Wahhabis entered Hijaz for a second time and carried out another
merciless plunder and massacre. People in streets were killed. Houses were
razed to the ground. Women and children too were not spared.

Awn bin Hashim (Shairf of Makkah) writes: "Before me, a valley appeared to
have been paved with corpses, dried blood staining everywhere all around. There
was hardly a tree which didn't have one or two dead bodies near its

1925 Madina surrendered to the Wahhabi onslaught. All Islamic heritage were
destroyed. The only shrine that remained intact was that of the Holy Prophet

Ibn Jabhan says: "We know that the tomb standing on the Prophet's grave is
against our principles, and to have his grave in a mosque is an abominable

Tombs of Hamza and other martyrs were demolished at Uhud. The Prophet's mosque
was bombarded. On protest by Muslims, assurances were given by Ibn Saud that it
will be restored but the promise was never fulfilled. A promise was given that
Hijaz will have an Islamic multinational government. This was also abandoned.

1925 AD Jannat al-Mu'alla, the sacred cemetery at Makkah was destroyed
alongwith the house where the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) was born. Since then, this
day is a day of mourning for all Muslims.

Is it not strange that the Wahhabis find it offensive to have the tombs,
shrines and other places of importance preserved, while the remains of their
Saudi kings are being guarded at the expense of millions of dollars?

Protest from Indian Muslims

1926, protest gatherings were held by shocked Muslims all over

the world. Resolutions were passed and a statement outlining the crimes
perpetrated by Wahhabis was issued and included the following:

The destruction and desecration of the holy places i.e. the birth place of the
Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), the graves of Banu Hashim in Makkah and in Jannat
al-Baqi (Madinah), the refusal of the Wahhabis to allow Muslims to recite
Ziyarah or Surah al-Fatiha at those graves.

The destruction of the places of worship i.e. Masjid Hamza, Masjid Abu Rasheed,
in addition to the tombs of Imams and Sahaba (Prophet's companions).

Interference in the performance of Hajj rituals.

Forcing the Muslims to follow the Wahhabis innovations and to abandon their own
ways according to the guidance of the Imams they follow.

The massacre of sayyids in Taif, Madina, Ahsa, and Qatif.

The demolition of the grave of the Imams at al-Baqi which deeply offended and
grieved all Shias.

Protest from other countries

Similar protests were lodged by Muslims in Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Indonesia, and
Turkey. All of them condemn the Saudi Wahhabis for their barbaric acts. Some
scholars wrote tracts and books to tell the world the fact that what was
happening in Hijaz was actually a conspiracy plotted by the Jews against Islam,
under the guise of Tawheed. The idea was to eradicate the Islamic legacy and
heritage and to systematically remove all its vestiges so that in the days to
come, Muslims will have no affiliation with their religious history.

A partial list of the demolished graves and shrines

· Al-Mualla graveyard in Makkah which includes the grave of Sayyida Khadija
bint Khuwailid (A.S.), wife of the Prophet (S.A.W.), the grave of Amina bint
Wahab, mother of the Prophet (S.A.W.), the grave of Abu Talib, father of Imam
Ali (A.S.), and the grave of Abdul Muttalib, grandfather of the Prophet

· The grave of Hawa (Eve) in Jeddah

· The grave of the father of the Prophet (S.A.W.) in Madina

· The house of sorrows (bayt al-Ahzan) of Sayyida Fatima (A.S.) in Madina

· The Salman al-Farsi mosque in Madina

· The Raj'at ash-Shams mosque in Madina

· The house of the Prophet (A.S.) in Madina, where he lived after migrating
from Makkah

· The house of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (A.S.) in Madina

· The complex (mahhalla) of Banu Hashim in Madina

· The house of Imam Ali (A.S.) where Imam Hasan (A.S.) and Imam Husayn (A.S.)
were born

· The house of Hamza and the graves of the martyrs of Uhud

Short Maxims of Imam Zainul Abedin(A.S.)

1 - The highest grade of conviction is to satisfy yourself with the detested
act of Allah.

2 - He who honors himself will debase the worldly life.

3 -As he was asked to define the greatest of people, Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) said:
The greatest of people is that who does notsee the world as great.

4 -Before Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.), a man said: O Allah, make me do without people,"
The Imam instructed: This is not accurate. People are in the service of each
other. You should say: O Allah, make me do without the evil ones.

5-The richest of people is that who is satisfied with what Allah has chosen for

6 -A deed that accompanies God-fearing will not be decreased. How can an
accepted deed be decreased?

7 - Avoid telling lies, whether they were significant or venial, or in serious
or humorous situations, for a man who tells a trivial lie will surely dare to
tell a big one.

8 - To see your enemy plunging in acts of disobedience to Allah because of you
is a sufficient victory from Allah to you.

9 -The whole goodness is to protect yourself (against all that which is

10 -Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) said to one of his sons: O son, Allah has accepted me
(as a father) for you and has not accepted you (as a son) for me; hence, He has
commanded you (to obey me) and has not commanded me (to obey you). Adhere to
charity; it is surely a small gift.

11 - Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) answered the man who asked him a definition for
ascetics: Ascetics is of ten grades the highest of which the lowest grade of
piety. The highest grade of piety is the lowest grade of conviction. The
highest grade of conviction is the lowest grade of satisfaction. Ascetics is
(summarized) in Allah's saying: "... so that you would not grieve over
what you have lost nor become too happy about what Allah has granted to you.(
Holy Qur'an 57:23)

12 - Asking from people is the humility of life, the remover of pudency, and
the debasement of reverence. It is the permanent poverty. Lack of asking from
people is the permanent richness.

13 -The most favorable of you to Allah is certainly the owner of the best
deeds. The doer of the best deed to Allah is the most desirous (for Allah's
bounty and rewards). The most saved from Allah's agony is the most fearful of
Allah. The closest to Allah is the most well-mannered. The most accepted by
Allah is the most generous to His family members. The most honorable for Allah
is the most God-fearing.

14 - Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) said to one of his sons: O son, do not associate,
talk, or accompany five classes of people. "Who are they, father?"
asked the son, and the Imam (A.S.) asnwered: Beware of associationg with the
liar, for he is as same as mirage: he shows you the near as remote and shows
you the remote as near. Beware of associationg with the sinful, for he will
disappoint you for a single bite or even something less valuable. Beware of
associating with the stingy, for he will let you down when you are in urgent
need of his property. Beware of associating with the foolish, for he harms you
when he intends to do you favor. Beware of associating with the disregardful of
his relatives, for I found him cursed in the Book of Allah.

15- Knowledge and the perfect religion is to avoid intruding into unconcerned
matters, dispute others rarely, show clemency and steadfastness, and be

16 -O son of Adam-man-: You are on the right as long as you are admonished by
your own self, care very much for maintaining judgment with yourself, and
betake fear as your slogan and caution as your garment. O son of Adam: You will
unquestionably be dead, resurrected, and standing before your Lord the
Majestic. You should prepare an answer for all that.

17 - No Qureishite and no Arab (should take pride in his) lineage without
modesty. No generosity without God-fearing. No deed without (honest) intention.
No worship without knowledge. The most hated of people to Allah is he who
believes in an Imam's traditions but does not copy his deeds.

18 -For his supplication (to Allah), the believer gains one of three things:
the supplication is saved for him, he is responded immediately, or he is saved
for the befalling of an imminent misfortune.

19 -The very hypocrite is that who warns people (against evil deeds) but he
does not stop committing them and orders them (to do good acts) but he does not
do (such acts). When he stands for offering the prayer he turns right and left,
when he genuflects (in the prayer) he huddles, and when he prostrates himself,
he pecks. In evenings, his only concern is dinner while he was not fasting. In
mornings, his only concern is to sleep while he has not passed (the last) night
with worship. The believer, on the other hand, mixes his acts with clemency; he
sits down so that he may learn (something); he keeps silent so that he may save
himself, he does not divulge his secrets before his friends (even); he does not
conceal witnessing for the strangers; he does not act any rightful action out of
showing off, he does not neglect any act out of pudency; if he is praised, he
fears sayings of the eulogists and seeks Allah's forgiveness for what they do
not know; he does not care for the ignorance of those who ignore him.

20 -Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) said to a man who had just been cured from an ailment:
Congratulations for the acquittal of the sins. Allah has referred to you;
therefore, you should mention Him, and has saved you; therefore, you should
thank it for Him.

21 - If you ride for obtaining these five things, you will extermely fatigue
your riding animals before you can attain them. They are as follows: The
servant (of Allah) should fear nothing except his sins and hope for nothing
except his Lord. The ignorant (of a certain question) should not be too shy to
learn-or-the unknowledgeable of a question should not be too shy to learn what
he ignores. The scholar should not be too shy to confess of their ignorance of
a question about which they are asked. The relation of patience to faith is
same as the relation of the head to the body. On that account, the impatient
are faithless.

22 - Allah says: O son of Adam, satisfy yourself with that which I have given
to you and you will be the most abstinent of people. O son of Adam, carry out
the duties that I have made incumbent upon you and you will be the best
worshipper of people. O son of Adam, avoid acting matters that I have deemed
forbidden and you will be the most pious of people.

23 - Many are those whom are deceived by comendation. Many are those whom are
swindled by the firm covering up (of their sins). Many are those whom are
trapped by favors and graces that they receive.

24 -How bad those whose ones overcome their tens are! (One good deed will be
rewarded tenfold, while bad deeds will be reompencsed one for one.

25- This world is about to turn tail and the life to come is about to approach.
Each this world and the life to come has its sons. Thus, line up with the sons
of the life to come and do not be the sons of this world. Be with those who
abstain from (chasing) the worldly pleasures and desire for the (permanent
bliss of the) life to come.

The abstinent are those who betake the land of Allah as mat, dust as bed, rocks
as pillow, water as odor, and they cut their livelihood in this world. You should
know that he whoever longs for Paradise dashes to the good deeds and forgets
the passion. Whoever is concerned about the fire (of Hell) takes the initiative
to repent to Allah from the sins and stops committing the forbidden matters.

Whoever disregards this world will look upon its misfortunes as ineffectual and
will not hate it. There are the servants of Allah whose hearts are deeply
attracted to the life to come and its rewards. They behave as if they have seen
the people of Paradise living therein eternally with ultimate bliss and seen
the people of Hell suffering agony therein.

People are saved from the evils and troubles of such ones. because their hearts
are engaged in fear of Allah and away from people. Their sights ae lowered
against the forbidden and their needs for people are light. They satisfied
themselves with the few livelihood of Allah-namely the food. They tolerated
short days for the sake of being saved from the long regret on the Day of

26 -As a man said to him, "I love you very much for Allah's sake,
"Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) nodded the head down and said: O Allah, I seek your
guard against my being loved for Your sake while You dislike me."The Imam
kept silent for while, they he (A.S.) said: I love you for Him for the sake of Whom
you love me.

27 - Allah certainly dislikes the stingy that asks others importunately.

28 -Many are those who are deceptively proud. They begin their days with
amusement and guffaw. They eat and drink blissfully while they do not know that
Allah has become discontent with them so intensely that they will surely endure
the fire of Hell.

29 -To spend moderately in times of poverty, give generously in times of
luxury, treat people fairly, and greet them initiatively-these manners are
within the characters of the believers.

30 -Three conducts save the believers: to stop saying bad wording or backbiting
people, engage oneself in matters that will benefit in the Last Judgment as
well as this world, and weep heavily for one's guilt.

31 - Looks of mutual affection and amiability between the believers is a sort
of worship.

32 - A believer who enjoys the following three characters will be under the
care of Allah Who will cast a shadow over him on the Day of Resurrection under
His Divine Throne and will save him from the horror of the Grand Day. These
three characters are to offer people what you ask them to offer you, to stop
extending a hand or treading a single step before you know whether they will be
in the obedience or disobedience to Allah, and to stop finding a fault with
somebody before you get rid of that fault. A man's faults are sufficient
concerns that engage from plunging into others' faults.

33 - After the acknowledgment of Allah, nothing is more favorable for Him than
moderation in eating and (sexual) chastity. The most favorable act to Allah is
to supplicate to Him.

34 -Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) said to his son Mohammed Baqir(A.S.): Do favor to
everybody who asks for it; if he deserves it, then you have hit the target,
otherwise you have become one of the people of favors. Accept the apology of
him who reviled at you from your right side, then turned to your left to make
an apology.

35-Sitting with the virtuous ones urges virtue, adherence to the ethics of the
scholars improves the intelligence, Compliance with the men of authority
(namely the sinless Imams(A.S.) is the perfect dignity, investment of the
property is the perfect personality, guiding the seeker of counsel is a
fulfillment of the rights of graces, and abstinence from harming people is a
part of the perfection of mind. It also achieves the immediate and gradual
physical comfort.

36 -Imam As-Sajjad(A.S.) used to say whenever he recited Allah's saying:
"Had you wanted to count the bounties of Allah, you would not have been
able to do it" Holy Qur'an 14:34

All praise be to Him Who has not enabled anybody to acknowledge all his favors
except through the acknowledgment of the failure to acknowledge them properly.
He also has not enabled anybody to acknowledge His Essence properly except
through the knowledge that Allah is beyond knowledge. He, the All-powerful the
Majestic, has thanked the acknowledgment of the knowledgeable one's being too
short to know Him perfectly. He has also regarded their acknowledgment of their
failure to acknowledge Him perfectly as their showing Him gratitude. Similarly,
Allah has regarded the knowledgeable one's acknowledgment of His being beyond
knowledge as faithful believing (in Him).This is because He has comprehended
the servant's limits that they cannot exceed.

37 - All praise be to Him Who has regarded the acknowledgment of His favors as
praise. All praise be to Him who has regarded the acknowledgment of the failure
to thank Him properly as showing him gratitude.

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